نهاد دولت در خاورمیانه عربی پس‌از حوادث 2011

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار روابط بین الملل دانشگاه بین المللی امام خمینی (ره)

چکیده

به‌رغم انتظارات موجود برای گذار رژیم­های اقتدارگرای جهان عرب به دموکراسی و ظهور دولت­های قوی در پرتو ناآرامی­های سال 2011 نتیجه حاصل از موج اعتراضات پس از گذشت هشت سال چیزی جز شکل­گیری دولت­های ناتوان در جمهوری‌های عربی و تثبیت نظام در پادشاهی­های نفتی نبوده است. از یک سو، شکل­گیری دولت­های ورشکسته در سوریه و یمن نظم منطقه­ ای خاورمیانه را در آستانه فروپاشی قرار داده است؛ و از سویی دیگر، استفاده دولت­های سعودی و بحرین از سرکوب برای فرو نشاندن اعتراضات نشان دارد که رابطه ارگانیکی بین نظام­های حاکم و جامعه مربوطه وجود ندارد. در این ارتباط، دولت­ها نه تنها متضمن اقتدار مرکزی در محیط داخلی می­باشند بلکه بازیگر اصلی در محیط فراملی به حساب می­آیند. با توجه به اهمیت جایگاه نهاد دولت در حفظ نظم داخلی و برقراری موازنه قدرت در محیط­ خارجی افزایش آگاهی پیرامون رابطه ناآرامی­عربی و نهاد دولت موجب شناخت بیشتر تحولات منطقه­ای خواهد شد. سوال اصلی پژوهش حاضر آن است که ناآرامی‏های عربی چه تاثیری بر نهاد دولت در کشورهای درگیر داشته است؟ نوشتار حاضر با فرض تاثیر دوگانه تضعیفی ـ تقویتی ناشی از ناآرامی­های مورد بر نهاد دولت در جهان عرب قصد دارد سوال مذکور را با استفاده از نظریه جامعه­شناسی تاریخی روابط بین­الملل و در چهارچوب چشم­اندازهای سیاسی و اقتصادی  موجود مورد بررسی قرار دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Sffects of 2011 Uprisings over the State in the Arab Middle East

نویسنده [English]

  • Mehdi Zibaei
Assistant Professor, Department of International Relations, Emam Khomeini International University,Gazvin , Iran
چکیده [English]

It was expected in the light of Arab Uprisings that the authoritarian regimes gave way to the democratic ones and this changing had led to raising the potent states. But, it was resulted in forming the incapable state within the Arab republics and consolidating regime of the oil-rich monarchies. On the one hand, shaping failed states in Syria and Yemen put the Middle East regional system on the verge of collapsing. On the other hand, quelling protests by Saudi and Bahrain regimes showed that in these societies there is not any organic relation between authorities and crowd. By and large, the modern state not only bears central authority in the home but is the first actor in the international milieu. It has a significant role in keeping order within the country and forming the balance of power in the international realm. Therefore, by taking more information about the quality of relationship between the Arab uprisings and state as an entity one makes more perception over the Middle East international relations. This essay seeks to comprehend the impressions of Arab uprisings on the state that went through changes. Again, this work is tried to study this relation through the Historical Sociology of International Relations (HSIR)' lenses. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • The Arab uprisings
  • State
  • Historical sociology
  • Political-economic conditions and The Arab Regimes
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