Guide for submitting articles in State Studies Journal

In order to submit an article to the State Studies Journal follow the below procedure:

  1. Select the registration option from the system login page.
  2. Complete the requested information such as name, surname, etc. (stared fields are necessary.)
  3. Saving the data.
  4. Log in to the system with the username and password sent to the author’s email.

Respected authors are required to:

  1. Prepare 2 separate files according to the structure guideline which is available below, these files’ characteristics are:
    1. The authors’ profile file, this file is according to the structure placed on this page along with the authors’ full profile and information.
    2. The main file is according to the structure guideline without mentioning the authors' names.
  2. Download the commitment letter and conflict of interest form (available in Persian and English) available below and after filling it out, sign and scan it and submit it along with the article files.

Download the conflict of interest file in Word format

Download the commitment of compliance file in Word format

Download the article structure format file in Word format

Copyright and Permissions

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.


The workings of the Creative Commons: BY-NC License, as stated on the Creative Commons website, is defined as below:

"This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms."


Accepted Articles

The ATU Press publishes articles in various fields of the humanities. The articles that are published are all scientific, based on research and scholarly work, and of high quality. Qualitative and quantitative research papers are all acceptable. The important thing to bear in mind is that each paper must be innovative in its relevant field and make a contribution to the research in that specific field of study.


Text Citations

All references in the text and notes must be specified by the authors’ last names and date of publication together with page numbers for direct quotations from print sources.

Do not use ibid., op. cit., infra., supra. 


Note the following for the style of text citations:

1. If the author’s name is in the text, follow with year in parentheses:

... Author Last Name (year) has argued ...

2. If author’s name is not in the text, insert last name, comma and year:

... several works (Author Last Name, year) have described ...

3. For direct quotations, the page number follows the year, preceded by ‘p.’ (not a colon):

... it has been noted (Author Last Name, year, p. XXX) that ...

4. Where there are two authors, always cite both names, joined by ‘and’ if within running text and outside of parentheses; joined by an ampersand (&) if within parenthetical material, in tables and in captions, and in the reference list:

… Author Last Name and Author Last Name stated that…

... it has been stated (Author Last Name & Author Last Name, year) ...

5. When a work has three, four, or five authors, cite all authors the first time the citation occurs; in subsequent citations, include only the surname of the first author followed by ‘et al.’ (not italicized and with a period after ‘al’) and the year if it is the first citation of the reference within a paragraph:

… Author Last Name, Author Last Name, Author Last Name, and Author Last Name (year) found that…[Use as first citation in text.] [Use ampersand if within parentheses.]

... Author Last Name et al. (year) found that [Use as subsequent citation thereafter.]

6. When a work has six or more authors, cite only the surname of the first author followed by ‘et al.’ (not italicized and followed by a period after ‘al’) and the year for the first and subsequent citations. 

In the reference list, however, provide the surnames and initials for up to and including the first seven authors. When authors number eight or more, include the first six authors’ names, then insert three ellipses and then add the last author’s name, for example:

Shackley, H., Powell, J., Leeming, K., Read, A., Goggins, A., Westwood, K., ... Ray, D. R. (2010). Article title. Journal20, 220−260.

7. If two references with six or more authors shorten to the same form, cite the surnames of the first authors and of as many of the subsequent authors as necessary to distinguish the two references, followed by a comma and ‘et al.’.

For example:

If you have entries for the following references:

… Smith, Jones, Clark, Kumar, Green, and Goggins (2000)

… Smith, Jones, Miller, Green, Powell, and Goggins (2000)

In the text you would cite them, respectively, as:

… Smith, Jones, Clark, et al. (2000) and Smith, Jones, Miller, et al. (2000) 

8. If two or more references by the same author are cited together, separate the dates with a comma (in chronological order):

... the author has stated this in several studies (Author Last Name, 2001, 2002, 2006) ...

If you have received financial and moral support in the article, it should be mentioned in the paragraph under the heading of gratitude before the sources.

9. If there is more than one reference to the same author (or by the same two or more authors in the same order) and year, insert the suffixes ‘a’, ‘b’, ‘c’, etc. after the year of publication and repeat the year. The suffixes are assigned in the reference list, where these kinds of references are ordered alphabetically by title (of the article, chapter, or complete work):

 ... it was described (Author Last Name, 2000a, 2000b, 2000c) ...

10. List two or more works by different authors who are cited within the same parentheses in alphabetical order by the first author’s surname, separated by semicolons:

 ... and it has been noted (Clark, 2001; Miller, 2001) ...

Exception: You may separate a major citation from other citations within parentheses by inserting a phrase, such as ‘see also’ before the first of the remaining citations, which should be in alphabetical order:

 ... (Miller, 2001; see also Clark, 2000; Smith, 2000) ...

 11. When names of groups (e.g. government agencies, universities, etc.) serve as authors, these are usually spelled out each time they appear in a text citation. However, some group authors can be spelled out in the first citation and abbreviated thereafter:

 First text citation:

... (National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 2000) ...

Subsequent text citation:

... (NIMH, 2000) ...

 12. When a work has no author as such, cite in the text the first few words of the reference list entry (usually the title) and the year. Use double quotation marks around the title of an article or chapter or web page and italicize the title of a journal, book, etc.:

 ... it was stated (“Title of publication”, year) that ...

 13. Citations from personal communications are not included in the reference list; cite in text only, giving the initials as well as the surname of the communicator and provide as exact a date as possible:

 ... (Initial and Last Name of Person, personal communication, April 28, 2000).


Author(S) and Affiliated Organization(S)

After the title, the name of the author(s) and their organizational affiliation(s) is stated. The e-mail address of the corresponding author (preferably an organizational email) should be mentioned in the footnote so that the audience can contact them. If the author is not affiliated with a particular organization, their educational qualification should be included.

      The ordering of the author(s)’ names depends on their cooperation and is an agreement between the author(s) of the article. If all authors have cooperated similarly, their names can be written in alphabetical order. One should avoid writing titles such as doctor, professor, engineer, etc.

Profile template in Farsi

* The name of the corresponding author should be marked with an asterisk* and mentioned in the footer of the corresponding author's email.

Faculty Members

Academic rank (assistant professor, associate professor, full professor), department, university, city, country.


Educational level (bachelor's, master's, doctorate), field of study, university, city, country.

Individuals and independent researchers

Education level (bachelor's, master's, doctorate), field of study, organization or workplace, city, country.

Individuals and researchers who are members of the organization/research institute

Academic rank (assistant professor, associate professor, full professor), department (if any), institution, city, country..

A Sample Profile of Faculty Members:

Academic Rank (Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, Full Professor), Department, University, City, Country.

Example: Assistant Professor, Educational Psychology Dept., Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.

A Sample of Student Profile:

The Student of (Bachelor, Master, Ph.D.), Field of Study, University, City, Country.

Example: M.Sc. Student in Educational Psychology, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.

A Sample of Profile for Individuals and Freelance Researchers:

Degree (Bachelor, Master, Ph.D.), Field of Study, University, City, Country / Organization or Workplace, City, Country.

Example: Master of Educational Psychology, Allameh Tabataba'i University / Education Department, Tehran, Iran.


There are different types of abstracts. Each type of abstract is suitable for certain types of articles. For research articles and other articles that report a research findings, a full-length abstract is used. However, the appropriate abstract for other types of articles that do not consider specific research reports is the Abstract Guide. For theoretical (conceptual) articles, a full-length abstract is also recommended. In the following, the three mentioned abstracts are described:

  • Full Abstract

This type of abstract is prepared for research articles. Its content includes purpose, method, findings, innovation (value), and conclusion, respectively. In its structured form, the mentioned parts are presented separately. It includes 200-250 words. It is recommended to write each type of abstract in one paragraph. The content of the full-length abstract should make it unnecessary for the reader to read the text of the article. (The text of the abstract is a descriptive and it is not common to mention the title and subdivisions in it). (The verbs are used in the past tense in an Abstract). Its structured form is presented below:


Method (in two to three sentences and including the research design, statistical population, number of samples, sampling method, intervention, instrument(s) (full name of the instrument, name of the designer/creator(s) and the year of production), data analysis method (do not specify the name of the software).

Findings (two to three sentences and including the main findings without mentioning numbers and figures)

Innovation (value)


  • Full Abstract-Guide

A combination of the previous two abstracts, especially for theoretical (conceptual) articles. The number of words is the same as that of abstract guide.

  • Extended Abstract

There is another type of abstract that is used for indexing in indexed citation databases such as Scopus or Thomson Reuters that shoud be writen in English and includes 900-1700 words The preparation of this type of abstract is recommended for all specialized journals of the university.


The terms of this section should be exactly extracted from the text of the abstract and refer to the main concepts of the study. In some sources, it is recommended to set the keywords alphabetically. The number of keywords or key phrases should be 5-7.


Considering the latest guidelines and international standards, the content of the introduction includes introductory explanations, statement of the problem, main goal(s), questions or hypotheses and literature review.

     The introduction should be concise, clear, purposeful and well written. Authors should pay attention to the type, sequence, and logical order of the information provided in the introduction. These principles do not differ in quantitative, qualitative and hybrid studies, and their order includes: explaining the field of research in general, more specific explanations about the aspects of the problem that is of particular interest to this study (theoretical foundations),  and the general purpose or question of the research is stated at the end of the introduction. All of the information should be put together like pieces of a puzzle so that after reading the section, the reader will have a general picture of all the information used in this article.


Literature Review

If it is necessary to review and present the backgrounds in a separate section, and it is not considered appropriate to review the backgrounds in the introduction due to its brevity, it is possible to review the backgrounds in an independent section after the introduction.

    In this first part, the introductory material about the research topic is stated and then the research backgrounds are reviewed. Then a logical conclusion is made from the background review and the existing research gap(s) are shown. It is obvious that the best review method is the analytical or analytical-critical method, in which the backgrounds are grouped regardless of the time and place of their implementation and on the basis of similarities in the approach, and then, the opinion and viewpoint of the researcher(s) regarding them are expressed.


This section includes the research design, method or approach (with a detailed description of the general method and the specific method of conducting the research), the research population, the data collection tool(s), and the data analysis method. In the first stage, the researcher must explain the research method and the research design so that the reader can get a clear picture of what was done during the research; therefore, it is necessary to provide detailed and clear explanations of the process followed, such as the method of using the independent variable, defining the variables, sampling method, assigning people to the experimental and control groups, how to record the reaction of the samples to the independent variable, how to record and measure the dependent variable and etc.

     The researcher should specify the intended population so that the reader understands who the participants of the research were. Then, it should specify the subjects or participants in the research, which actually determine the sample of the research. Of course, in case studies, the method of selecting the sample and the type of subject is different from the samples of other researches.

     In the next step, the researcher determines the instruments and tools of the research (data collection). In this section, it is necessary to pay attention to this point, if the instruments and tools used in the study are known in the scientific community of the audience, there is no need to give a detailed and complete explanation and mentioning the name of the research tool along with a brief explanation about its reliability and validity is enough. But if the research tool is designed by the researchers themselves, a complete explanation of how to evaluate the reliability and validity of the tool is required. Then, the method of data analysis should be described and the statistical steps taken should be mentioned.


The analysis and explanation of the collected data in statistical (descriptive and inferential), qualitative and mixed formats along with the limited interpretation of the data is done in this section. It should be mentioned that to explain and represent the collected data, it is enough to use one of the graph, figure and table tools. In cases where the research has a question, the answer to the question should be explained clearly and unambiguously. If there is a hypothesis in the research, the detailed description of the tests should be done and the rejected or confirmed hypotheses should be specified.

*The title is placed above the tables, figures and charts with 12pt spacing before and after them.

** The numbers of tables, figures and diagrams should be in bold font and their titles should be written simply.

***Tables should be adjusted according to APA format and font size 10.

Discussion and Conclusion

The main value of research lies in this section because the research findings are determined and the researcher's final understanding of the research is expressed. In general, in this section, the detailed interpretation of the data and the expression of the researcher's point of view regarding the findings, the comparison of the research findings with those of previous studies and showing the position of the research among similar studies are presented. Also, a brief statement of the limitations in the process of conducting the research, and the research suggestion(s) deduced from the research findings are stated in this part.

Research Design

In some studies (mostly in experimental studies), it is necessary to express the conceptual design of the research in details before writing the findings. The purpose of expressing the conceptual design of the research is to investigate how the independent variable affects the dependent variable. Therefore, at this stage, it should be explained how to control extraneous variables and how to remove their effect on the dependent variable and the independent variable.

Several Experiments in One Article

If it is intended to present and reproduce the findings of several studies in one article, an effort should be made to clearly mention the foundation, logic and methodology of the studies for the reader. If necessary, each research can be described separately and briefly, such as "Experiment 1", "Experiment 2", etc. It should also provide a description of the integration of the findings. "Methodology" and "Findings" sections should be included under the title of each research.


A lot has been said about meta-analysis in various sources, and it is sufficient to mention only a few points here. If the number of articles in the meta-analysis was limited (for example, less than 50 titles), the bibliographic information of the articles should be listed in the ‘reference list’ and distinguished from other sources with an asterisk*. Otherwise, the bibliographic information of the articles should be arranged in a separate list and be made available as a separate file but linked with the archived article.

Conflicts of Interest

If there is any conflicts of interest, it should be mentioned in this section. Otherwise, mentioning that “There is no conflicts of interest” is sufficient.


In a short paragraph, the financial and spiritual supporters of the research should be appreciated.

Reference List

A. General

1. Check that the list is in alphabetical order by surname of the first author (treat Mc and Mac alphabetically and literally, not as if they were all spelled ‘Mac’).

2. Names should be in initial cap then lower case.

3. Where several references have the same author(s), do not use ditto marks or em dashes; the name must be repeated each time.

4. Last Names containing de, van, von, De, Van, Von, de la, etc. should be alphabetized according to the language of origin. 

5.  Names containing Jr or II should be listed as follows:

Author Last Name, Initials, Jr. (year).

Author Last Name, Initials, II (year).

6.  When ordering several works by the same first author:

  • Single-author references arranged in date order, the earliest first;
  • Single-author entries precede multiple-author entries beginning with the same surname
  • Two or more author references in alphabetical order according to the second author’s last name, or if the second author is the same, the last name of the third author, and so on
  • References with the same authors in the same order are arranged by year of publication, the earliest first:

Brown, J. (2003)

Brown, T. R., & Yates, P. (2003)

Brown, W. (2002)

Brown, W. (2003a)

Brown, W., Hughes, J., & Kent, T. (2003)

Brown, W., & Jones, M. (2003)

Brown, W., & Peters, P. (2002)

7.  Check that all periodical data are included – volume and page numbers (complete span, not shortened), publisher, place of publication, etc.

Only give the issue number in parentheses immediately after the volume number if each issue of a journal begins on page 1.

8.  The date of retrieval of online material is no longer required, only the URL; see example below.

9.  A word about publisher locations in book references: for all countries outside the US, the country as well as the city of publication should be supplied, e.g. ‘London, UK’, ‘Oxford, UK’, ‘Toronto, Canada’, etc. For the US, the state abbreviation should be included after the city, except when the name of the state is part of the publisher’s name, e.g. ‘New York, NY: Cambridge University Press’; ‘New York: State University of New York’; ‘Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press’.

10. Check journal for examples.


Reference Styles

Journal article

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Article title. Journal Namevol no.(issue no.), xx–xx.

Miller, A. J., Thomson, F., & Callagher, D. (1998). Affluence in suburbia. Suburbian Studies12(1), 9–12.



Author, A. A. (1994). Book title. Location: Publisher.

Miller, A. J., Thomson, F., & Callagher, D. (1998). Affluence in suburbia. London, UK: BL Books. 


Chapter in book

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (1994). Chapter title. In A. Editor, B. Editor, & C. Editor (Eds.), Book title (pp. xxx–xxx). Location: Publisher.

Miller, A. J., Thomson, F., & Callagher, D. (1998). Epping case study. In C. Carter (Ed.), Affluence in suburbia (pp. 200–250). London, UK: BL Books.



Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (1994).  Online article title. Online Journalxx, xxx–xxx. Retrieved from http://xxxx.xxxx.xx.xx/xxxx/xxxxxx/

Miller, A. J., Thomson, F., & Callagher, D. (1998). Epping case study. Suburban studies12, 1–9. Retrieved from http://xxxx.xxxx.xx.xx/xxxx/xxxxxx/


Manuscript Style

Manuscripts submitted to the journal should be based on empirical or data-based, not review, studies and should not be under consideration by any other journal. Neither should it have been published in full or partial form in any other journal or full-length conference proceedings. Exceptions to this rule are conference presentations and books of abstracts. The letter accompanying the submission of a manuscript should contain a clear statement to this effect, i.e. the manuscript has not been published and is not under review by any other journals.

Articles with more than 10% similarity will not be accepted.

Submissions should be produced using a standard word processing program, such as MS Word. Figures or artwork should be supplied in a finished form, suitable for reproduction, as these cannot be redrawn by the journal. Footnotes/Endnotes should be avoided.

Please ensure that the files are saved as Word files. Any consistent spelling style is acceptable. Use double quotation and use single quotation marks within double if needed.


Typing: Manuscripts submitted for publication should be word processed and double-spaced throughout.

Length: The length should be 6000-9000 words, including references and appendices, with an abstract of 200-250 words and up to 6 key words. Manuscripts not observing this length will not be reviewed for publication.

Spacing and paragraphing: All paragraphs should be indented except those immediately following headings. All paragraphs should be justified and no additional, i.e. space after, is needed between paragraphs.

Titles: Titles and section headings should be clear and brief. A manuscript should strictly follow the section structure below:


  • Introduction
  • Literature Review
  • Purpose of the Study
  • Method
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusions and Implications  


Quotations: Lengthy quotations (over 40 words) should be indented in the text without quotation marks. Short quotations in the text itself should be marked as such with “double quotation marks.”

Language and Spelling: Only papers in English are published. Quotations of text fragments in other languages should be translated.

Tables and Figures: Tables and figures should be numbered and have descriptive titles. Gray-scale or line art images are acceptable. The journal will not print color images. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Place captions to tables above the table body (e.g. Table 1: One-way ANOVA for the effect of gender on the performance on the groups) and footnotes to tables below the table body and indicate them with superscript lowercase letters. Avoid vertical rules and lines. For figures place both captions and footnotes below the figure. The font size for tables, figures, and their captions must be 11, and the style must be Times New Roman. Tables and figures should be supplied in the actual place in the text. 

Cover sheets: The paper should have a cover sheet with the following information: title of the paper, name of author(s); institutional affiliation (department, university, city, country), a biographical note of no more than 80 words, email and postal addresses; and telephone no, and word counts for the manuscript and for the abstract. Give the names of all contributing authors in the order you wish them to appear in the published article. The cover sheet should be part of the same file as the paper.

The subject of submission email should be “Manuscript Submission.”

Font: Times New Roman, 12 point. Use margins of 2.5 cm (1 inch).

Title: Use bold for your article title, with an initial capital letter for any proper nouns and font 16 point.


Abstract: Indicate the abstract paragraph with a heading or by reducing the font size to 11 point. The abstract should have five sections/moves: background, purpose, method, results, conclusions/implications. 


Headings: Please indicate the level of the section headings in your article:


  • First-level headings (e.g. INTRODUCTION, CONCLUSION) should be in bold, with a capital letter for all words and font 14 point .
  • Second-level headings (e.g. Data Collection Procedure) should be in bold, with an initial capital letter for any proper nouns and font 14 point.
  • Third-level headings (e.g. The Proficiency Test) should be in bold italics, with an initial capital letter for any proper nouns and font 12  point.
  • Fourth-level headings should also be in bold italics, at the beginning of a paragraph, with an initial capital letter for any proper nouns and font 12  point, and the text must follow immediately after a colon.



All headings should be justified left.

Running heads are not required when submitting a manuscript for review.


Journal Ethics and Principles

Plagiarism: A manuscript is not further processed if any instance of plagiarism is discovered at any phase before its publication. As a manuscript will be reviewed for instances of plagiarism even after the issuance of an acceptance letter, the journal will reserve the right not to publish a manuscript once the occurrence of plagiarism becomes evident and will not accept submissions from such authors for a minimum of five years.

Supervisors’ Names: All manuscripts primarily based on theses and dissertations should include the supervisor’s name irrespective of the time lapse between the defense session and submission of the manuscript unless the supervisor sends an email or letter to the journal stating his/her decision as to not being willing to be named as an author. The journal’s definite preference is the inclusion of the supervisor as the first author. The author submitting the manuscript, either the supervisor or the co-author, is considered to be the corresponding author unless otherwise indicated.

Revision: When a paper is returned to the author for revision, depending on the scope of the revision, the author needs to revise the paper within 2-3 weeks. Returning a paper to the author for revision does not amount to its final acceptance unless the reviewers approve the application of their comments.

Review policies and decisions:  The review process normally takes three months. Papers submitted to the journal are first screened through in-house review to ensure that submission guidelines have been largely observed and to determine whether the paper merits further independent review. Next, they undergo rigorous peer review. This involves anonymized reviewing by two anonymous reviewers and where there is a split decision by a third reviewer. A manuscript may be accepted without revision, with minor revision without being returned to the reviewers after modification, with major revision, or rejected. In case a manuscript requires revision, reviewers’ comments will be sent to the author. For manuscripts rejected after in-house review, the author will not receive any detailed comments. 

Note:  Some of the points in the above Guide for Authors are taken from Taylor & Francis and APA style sheets directly or with modifications.